https://journal.untidar.ac.id/index.php/kabastra/issue/feed KABASTRA: Kajian Bahasa dan Sastra 2023-12-22T06:25:01+00:00 Jurnal KABASTRA jurnalkabastra@untidar.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p>Journal Title: <strong>KABASTRA: Kajian Bahasa dan Sastra</strong><br />Short Title: <strong>KABASTRA</strong> <br />Language: English (preferred); Bahasa Indonesia <br />e-ISSN: 2964-5778<a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1180427309" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><br /></a>DOI Prefix: <em>10.31002/kabastra</em> by <strong><img src="https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju//public/site/images/aisyah8816/Crossref_Logo_Stacked_RGB_SMALL.png" width="52" height="14" /></strong> <br />Frequency: 2 issues per year<br />Editor in Chief: Imam Baihaqi<br />Citation Analysis:<strong> <img src="https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju//public/site/images/aisyah8816/640px-Google_Scholar_logo.png" width="71" height="12" /></strong></p> https://journal.untidar.ac.id/index.php/kabastra/article/view/787 Kritik Sosial dalam Cerpen Manuel Karya Seno Gumira Ajidarma Tinjauan Sosiologi Sastra 2023-06-21T08:53:07+00:00 Adhi Dian Perdana adhi.perdana@mhs.unsoed.ac.id Nila Alfiana nila.alfiana@mhs.unsoed.ac.id Nur Fadhilah Rizqi Ramadhani nur.ramadhani@mhs.unsoed.ac.id Nur Indah Yuliani nur.yuliani@mhs.unsoed.ac.id Widya Ryolita Putri widya.putri.ryolita@mhs.unsoed.ac.id <p>Orde Baru was the reign of President Soeharto which brought about a change in order over people's lives. In the 16th century East Timor was colonized by the Portuguese, then in 1975, East Timor proclaimed its independence and Indonesia made this territory of East Timor as the 27th province. Over time, conflicts arose between the Indonesian government and the people of East Timor who wanted independence. In the conflict, Indonesia became the object of conflict while the people of East Timor were made the subject of conflict. The conflict made the writer Seno Gumira Ajidarma moved to write works that represented the social life of his people. The work raised several issues of the Orde Baru government was the anthology book Saksi Mata which contained 13 short stories. In the anthology, there is a short story "Manuel" which will be used as the object of this research. The short story "Manuel" contains the author's criticism of the condition of East Timor during the New Order period. This study aims to show the social criticism in the short story and its usefulness in seeing the applicability of the criticism in times when conflicts occur with the present. The approach used in this study is a literary sociology approach. The technique used in this study is a literature review. From the results of the analysis, there are several social criticisms found in Manuel's short stories, among others, social criticism related to violence, social criticism related to human rights violations, social criticism of educational problems, and social criticism of health problems.</p> 2023-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Adhi Dian Perdana, Nila Alfiana, Nur Fadhilah Rizqi Ramadhani, Nur Indah Yuliani, Widya Ryolita Putri https://journal.untidar.ac.id/index.php/kabastra/article/view/1083 Learners Strategies Used by Non-English Department Students in Learning English: Students’ Perspective 2023-11-20T12:44:32+00:00 Linda Wahyuningsih linda.wahyuningsih@students.untidar.ac.id Haya Kantina Huwaidah haya.kantina.huwaidah@students.untidar.ac.id Fitria Fatikha Dewi Maryam fitria.fatikha.dewi.maryam@students.untidar.ac.id Taufik Arochman taufik_arochman@untidar.ac.id <p>The learner's strategy in learning a language is one of the things that we must pay attention to, especially in learning a new language such as English. For students of English education who study English, they are usually given specific strategies starting from the classroom to everyday life. However, it is different from a student's non-English department. They must have their own perspective to learn English which they must know and understand for their own benefit. Both the English and non-English departments must have perspectives and strategies that match their criteria. This research aims to prove the presence of the different strategies they used. The method used in this study was descriptive qualitative. The researchers used a questionnaire as their instrument with a total of 32 participants. The finding underlines the two things: the difficulties and the strategies. The difficulties commonly faced by students of non-English department because they realized that English is important but they don’t use English as their everyday life. Thus, it is considered difficult to be practiced. Meanwhile, there were strategic factors used by students both internal factors, self-taught learning using social media, and external factors such as courses. This research gives valuable to the teachers who want to teach their students especially for the learner’s non-English department</p> 2023-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Linda Wahyuningsih, Haya Kantina Huwaidah, Fitria Fatikha Dewi Maryam, Taufik Arochman https://journal.untidar.ac.id/index.php/kabastra/article/view/660 Kesalahan Berbahasa Bidang Fonologi pada Akun Youtube Nihongo Mantappu: “Wasedaboys jadi Guru Jepang di SMA Indonesia! Gimana Ya!?” 2023-06-21T08:48:58+00:00 Aldi Setiawan aldiset18@gmail.com Biona Damastina bdamastina@gmail.com <p>The aim of this research is to explain language errors at the phonological level in the Nihongo makanpu YouTube account videos by using the example of the video entitled "Wasedaboys Become Japanese Teachers in Indonesian High Schools! How's That!?". This research applies a qualitative approach with descriptive methods used in this research and the research subject is the video. The data collection method used was the proficient free-involved listening technique (SBLC). The results of the research show that there are language errors at the phonological level in the video, with 11 data found, consisting of 2 phoneme change data, 5 phoneme deletion data, and 4 phoneme addition data. Therefore, the language errors at the phonological level that occurred in this study are common in people who are just learning to speak a language that is not their mother tongue or beginner foreign speakers.</p> 2023-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Biona Damastina, Aldi Setiawan https://journal.untidar.ac.id/index.php/kabastra/article/view/830 Peningkatan Kemampuan Menulis Karya Ilmiah Siswa SMKN 3 Yogyakarta dengan Metode Galeri Belajar Berbantuan Padlet 2023-07-25T08:37:17+00:00 Opi Hanidian ohanidian@gmail.com Sudaryanto sudaryanto@pbsi.uad.ac.id Aruji Siswanto arujisiswanto@smkn3jogja.sch.id <p>The background to writing this article is the low ability to write scientific papers of students in the Indonesian language subject at SMKN 3 Yogyakarta. The application of inappropriate learning models and methods and low student learning motivation result in low student learning outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the ability to write scientific papers of students of SMKN 3 Yogyakarta and to find out the results of increasing the ability to write scientific papers of students of SMKN 3 Yogyakarta with the Padlet-assisted learning gallery method. The method used in this study is the learning gallery method (gallery walk) assisted by Padlet media with learning modelsProject&nbsp; Beased Learning (PJBL). The results showed that the Padlet-assisted learning gallery method experienced an increase in cycle 1 of (82%) and in cycle II of (100%) with a target result of (18%). In addition, the observation indicators in cycle I obtained an average increase of (66.4%) and in cycle II (87%). So it can be concluded that the ability to write scientific papers of SMKN 3 Yogyakarta students has increased and the Padlet-assisted learning gallery method can be used as an alternative for learning scientific work in class XI in learning Indonesian.</p> 2023-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Opi Hanidian, Sudaryanto, Aruji Siswanto https://journal.untidar.ac.id/index.php/kabastra/article/view/665 Analisis Kesalahan Berbahasa Bidang Morfologi pada Baliho/Pamflet di Sekitar UIN Raden Mas Said Surakarta 2023-05-26T07:32:54+00:00 Nanda Fauzi Septiana nandafauziseptiana@gmail.com Rosa Widya Ningrum rosawidyaa@gmail.com <h1>Language errors can occur in any condition, even when someone is learning a language. This language error can also occur due to ignorance of the community and lack of public knowledge. There are many language errors, one of which is at the morphological level. The purpose of this study is to describe various language errors found on billboards / pamphlets around UIN Raden Mas Said Surakarta. The choice of the place is because many students buy food and work part-time in shops or stalls around UIN Raden Mas Said. The research method in this study is descriptive qualitative, with research data in the form of billboards and pamphlets. From this study, 7 data were found, namely related to standard and non-standard word errors, hyphen writing, the use of spaces, and writing letters. From the analysis that has been done, the conclusion is that there are still many writing errors in pamphlets or billboards around UIN Raden Mas Said still. This happens because of the lack of awareness and attention from the author to write the correct Indonesian and follow PUEBI and EYD.</h1> 2023-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Nanda Fauzi Septiana, Rosa Widya Ningrum https://journal.untidar.ac.id/index.php/kabastra/article/view/668 Analisis Kesalahan Berbahasa Bidang Fonologi pada Wawancara Eksklusif Ganjar Pranowo dan Piala Dunia di Youtube Mata Najwa 2023-06-21T09:21:28+00:00 Indah Setiyani indahjeon27@gmail.com Fatqia Rizki Amalia Utomo fatqia18@gmail.com <p>The research is based on language errors in the field of phonology in exclusive interviews with Ganjar Pranowo and the World Cup in Mata Najwa. The research was conducted by applying a qualitative descriptive method. The purpose of this research is to show and describe language errors in the field of phonology involving speech sounds. The data in this study are in the form of primary data, namely narratives in exclusive interviews with Ganjar Pranowo and the World Cup in Mata Najwa and secondary data derived from written data from literature review. The data collection technique was carried out by observing and noting techniques. Data analysis was carried out with the stages of providing data, data reduction, data presentation, and drawing conclusions. Based on the results of the study, the data was categorized into 3 things namely, 12 phoneme omission data, 7 phoneme addition data and 16 phoneme change data.</p> 2023-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Indah Setiyani, Fatqia Rizki Amalia Utomo https://journal.untidar.ac.id/index.php/kabastra/article/view/910 Bentuk dan Strategi Tindak Tutur Direktif dalam Dialog Film Melodylan Karya Asri Aci 2023-10-04T07:11:44+00:00 Fika Tri Yulita fikatriyulita21@gmail.com Hari Wahyono fikatriyulita@gmail.com Irsyadi Shalima fikatriyulita@gmail.com <p>This research is motivated by the use of directive speech acts found in the dialogues of Asri Aci's MeloDylan film. The formulation of the problem of this research, namely (1) what are the forms of directive speech acts contained in the dialogue of the film MeloDylan by Asri Aci? and (2) what are the directive speech act strategies contained in the dialogues of Asri Aci's MeloDylan? The aims of the study were (1) to obtain a description of the directive speech acts in Asri Aci's MeloDylan dialogue, and (2) to obtain a description of the directive speech act strategies in Asri Aci's MeloDylan. The research subject is the form and strategy of directive speech acts in the dialogue of Asri Aci's Melodylan film. The data collection methods and techniques used are the observing method and the note taking technique. The results of the study found data in the form of directive speech acts. namely (1) data on the form of directive speech acts of commands, (2) data on the forms of directive speech acts on requests, (3) data on the forms of directive speech acts on invitations, (4) on the forms of speech acts on directives of advice, (5) on the forms of speech acts on directives of criticism, and (6) data on the forms of directive speech acts on prohibitions. As for directive speech act strategy data, namely (1) explicit directive speech act strategy data, (2) direct directive speech act strategy data, (3) indirect directive speech act strategy data, and (4) non-literal directive speech act strategy data.</p> 2023-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Fika Tri Yulita, Hari Wahyono, Irsyadi Shalima https://journal.untidar.ac.id/index.php/kabastra/article/view/934 Konteks Sosial dan Konteks Sejarah dalam Novel Senja di Jakarta Karya Mochtar Lubis: Tinjauan Sosiologi Sastra Georg Lukacs 2023-08-17T08:05:53+00:00 Diva Mayriskha divamay08@gmail.com Astuty divamay08@gmail.com Liana Sinta Dewi divamay08@gmail.com <p>This research is motivated by the phenomena of the social context and historical context that appear in sentences in the novel <em>Senja di Jakarta</em> and contain historical events that have been experienced by Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to obtain a description of the social context and historical context contained in the novel <em>Senja di Jakarta</em> by Mochtar Lubis. This study uses a qualitative descriptive analysis with social context and historical context research subjects. The data used are in the form of words, phrases, sentences, and discourse while the research source used is the novel <em>Senja di Jakarta</em> by Mochtar Lubis. The results of this study found three forms of social context, namely socio-political aspects, economic aspects, and socio-cultural aspects. There are five categories of socio-political aspects, six categories of economic aspects, and four categories of socio-cultural aspects. The historical context contains five categories which include KNIL troops, the Japanese occupation, the handover of power by the Dutch to RIS and NICA, the debate over the Irian Jaya region at the United Nations, and the betrayal of Indonesians who supported NICA.</p> 2023-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Diva Mayriskha, Astuty, Liana Sinta Dewi https://journal.untidar.ac.id/index.php/kabastra/article/view/847 Pengembangan Bahan Ajar BIPA pada Keterampilan Menulis Cerpen Tingkat Dasar Bermuatan Budaya Indonesia dengan Media Audiovisual 2023-12-14T11:53:25+00:00 Haqsir Venny Sintia haqsirvenny@gmail.com Liliana Muliastuti haqsirvenny_1214822030@mhs.unj.ac.id Reni Nur Eriyani haqsirvenny_1214822030@mhs.unj.ac.id <p>This article discusses the application of teaching materials to a BIPA (Indonesian Language for Foreign Speakers) teaching, especially in reading skills through a culturally charged audiovisual learning medium. The purpose of this study was to explain teaching materials delivered in culturally charged audiovisual media at the basic level of BIPA teaching with short story writing skills. Audiovisual media pages also accommodate the needs of online BIPA learning. This audiovisual media can be in the form of dialogue videos and explanation videos, as well as supporting media in the form of materials or handbooks. The research method used is descriptive qualitative. The reference source used here is in the form of the BIPA AI guidebook "Sahabatku Indonesia" published by the Language Agency of the Ministry of Education and Culture. The technique for checking the validity of the data in this study used a method triangulation technique by checking the understanding of lecturers and students on the use of audiovisual media containing Indonesian culture in short story writing skills. The conclusion of this study is that BIPA teaching materials, especially writing skills, use audiovisual media with Indonesian culture in short story writing skills at the basic level. This teaching material is quite helpful in providing a breakthrough and can make it easier for BIPA students to understand the material presented as well as being able to introduce cultures in Indonesia. Thus, it is hoped that with this media it can be used as a source of inspiration in further, more complete research. and innovative.</p> 2023-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 haqsirvenny Sintia, Liliana Muliastuti, Reni Nur Eriyani https://journal.untidar.ac.id/index.php/kabastra/article/view/866 Deconstruction of Werabur Lake Folktale From West Papua 2023-12-14T14:07:05+00:00 Citra Putri Ananda citranandaa06@gmail.com Anita Dewi Ekawati citranandaa06@gmail.com <p>This study aims to describe deconstruction in the Werabur Lake folktale from West Papua. This research using content analysis method with deconstruction approach. Collection technique the data uses a document study with the data source of the Werabur Lake folktale from West Papua. Data collected by method reading folktale and taking notes on deconstruction. Data analysis techniques include several steps namely; establish research objectives, formulate data findings, tabulate and provision of coding, interpretation, and drawing conclusions. Test the validity of the data with using member check. The results of the research show that there is deconstruction which depicts that the grandmother who is told as a loving figure commits some cruel acts, such as violating customary rules on purpose to bring disaster, not telling people that disaster is coming, and making innocent people die as a result of disaster even though only one person is guilty.</p> 2023-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Citra Putri Ananda, Anita Dewi Ekawati https://journal.untidar.ac.id/index.php/kabastra/article/view/931 Komparasi Penokohan dari Novel ke Film Seperti Dendam Rindu Harus Dibayar Tuntas 2023-10-04T07:11:26+00:00 Anida Eriana annidaer@gmail.com Mursia Ekawati annidaer@gmail.com M. Daniel Fahmi Rizal annidaer@gmail.com <p>The transition of written literary works into cinematic literary works is referred to as ecranization, linguistically the process of transferring from a literary work to film form. The research entitled "Komparasi Penokohan dari Novel ke Film <em>Seperti Dendam Rindu Harus Dibayar Tuntas</em>" is based on the idea that a work can not only be translated, a work can also be translated into other works. This study uses qualitative descriptive methods with an ecranization approach and compares the results of the analysis obtained from the ecranization process. This study aims to find out what are the comparative forms of characterization in novels and films <em>Seperti Dendam Rindu Harus Dibayar Tuntas</em> by Eka Kurniawan with an ekranization approach. The purpose of this study is to obtain a comparative description of characterizations in stories in novels and films <em>Seperti Dendam, Rindu Harus Dibayar Tuntas </em>by Eka Kurniawan based on additions, changes, similarities, and omissions with an approach ekranization. The results of this study obtained 67 data in the form of 7 additions, 10 changes, 13 equations, and 37 omissions from a total of 32 characters contained in the novel.</p> 2023-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Anida Eriana, Mursia Ekawati, M. Daniel Fahmi Rizal https://journal.untidar.ac.id/index.php/kabastra/article/view/26 Budaya Jawa dalam Cerpen Mencicipi Semesta Karya Riska Dyah Oktaviani 2022-01-07T07:06:30+00:00 Kedasih Kidungjati kedasihjati@gmail.com Gigih Bayu Pranata pranatabayu09@gmail.com Imam Baihaqi imam.pbsi@untidar.ac.id <p>Literature is a form of creative activity in which there are cultural elements. Literature can be divided into written literature or oral literature. Meanwhile, culture is a way of life or living habits that develop in society and are passed down from generation to generation. Culture is formed from complex elements, namely religious systems, politics, customs, practices, language, buildings, clothing and works of art. A short story is a literary work written briefly that tells a conflict or event. This research aims to analyze Javanese culture contained in the short story entitled "Mencicip Semesta" by Riska Dyah Oktaviani. In conducting this research, researchers used qualitative descriptive research methods. The subject of this research is the short story "Mencicip Semesta" by Riska Dyah Oktaviani. This research focuses on Javanese culture contained in the short story "Mencicip Semesta" by Riska Dyah Oktaviani. The data source in this research is the short story "Mencicip Semesta" by Riska Dyah Oktaviani. Data collection is done using reading and note-taking techniques. The results of the research show that (1) The short story "Mencicip Semesta" contains Javanese culture, especially Solo and Yogyakarta. (2) The culture contained is the culture of kissing hands, traditional houses in the form of Rumah Joglo, traditional food in the form of Selat Solo and Gudeg, traditional performances and the use of Javanese.</p> 2023-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Kedasih Kidungjati, Gigih Bayu Pranata, Imam Baihaqi https://journal.untidar.ac.id/index.php/kabastra/article/view/437 Hubungan Kebiasaan Membaca Karya Sastra dan Keterampilan Menulis Puisi 2023-12-14T13:52:30+00:00 Widya Amalia Putri widyaamaliaputri01@gmail.com Indrya Mulyaningsih indrya.m@gmail.com Itaristanti salsabilamashel86@gmail.com <p>This study aims to describe: (1) the habit of reading literature, (2) the skill of writing poetry, (3) the relationship between the habit of reading literature and the skill of writing poetry in class IX students of SMPN 3 Losari Brebes. This research is a qualitative correlation research. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical techniques, the results of this study are as follows. First, based on the results of data analysis on the habit of reading literary works, it can be obtained that 4 students (12%) are in the very good category, 12 students (36%) are in the high category, 14 students (43%) are in the low category and 3 are in the very good category. students (9%) in the very low category. The reading habit of class IX students of SMPN 3 Losari Brebes can be said to be moderate. Second, based on the analysis of poetry writing skill data, information can be obtained that there are 8 students (24%) in the very high category, 7 students (21%) in the high category, 15 students (46%) in the low category and 3 students ( 9%) in the very low category. The skill of writing poetry for class IX students of SMPN 3 Losari Brebes can be said to be moderate. Third, there is a positive and significant relationship between reading habits and poetry writing skills in SMPN 3 Losari Brebes students. Pearson Correlation value of 0.918 (perfect category). The implication of the results of this study is that poetry writing skills are determined by several factors, one of which is the habit of reading literary works. To improve students' poetry reading skills, it is necessary to make efforts to increase the habit of reading literature which has a positive and significant relationship between the habit of reading literary works and the skill of writing.</p> 2023-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Widya Amalia Putri, Indrya Mulyaningsih, Itaristanti https://journal.untidar.ac.id/index.php/kabastra/article/view/920 Jenis Tindak Tutur Ilokusi pada Dialog Tokoh Utama dalam Novel Layangan Putus Karya Mommy ASF 2023-11-20T12:46:48+00:00 Ade Rifka Anisa aderifka9@gmail.com Hari Wahyono aderifka9@gmail.com Liana Sinta Dewi aderifka9@gmail.com Irsyadi Shalima aderifka9@gmail.com <p>This research is motivated by the phenomenon of illocutionary speech acts in the dialog of the main character in the novel. The purpose of the research is to describe the types of illocutionary speech acts in the dialog of the main character in the novel Layangan Putus by Mommy ASF. The type of research used is descriptive qualitative. As for providing data, it uses the method of listening with the basic technique of tapping and then noting. In analyzing the data using the commensurate method with the technique of sorting the determining elements (PUP). The results of the research found are the types of illocutionary speech acts in the form of: (1) assertive includes explaining, proposing, expressing opinions, complaining, suggesting, stating, and boasting; (2) directive includes giving messages, giving permission, inviting, giving advice, and ordering; (3) commissive includes promising, offering, and threatening; and (4) expressive includes apologizing, praising, and thanking.</p> 2023-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ade Rifka Anisa Anisa, Hari Wahyono, Liana Sinta Dewi, Irsyadi Shalima